Issue 2, 2023

O. V. Orfinskaya

Tekstil'nye tekhnologii Egipta: poshiv i remont tekstil'nykh izdelii [Textile technologies of Egypt: sewing and repair]

The article deals with the last stage of textile object production and its repairs. Samples of fabrics with seams dating back to the time from the New Kingdom to the end of the Byzantine period were selected among 3000 fragments of various textile objects acquainted during the excavations of the CES RAS in the TT-23 tomb (Luxor) and at the necropolis of Deir el-Banat (Fayoum). The analysis of these seams has showed gradual changes in sewing systems. When processing the edge, the whipped rolled hem was replaced with rolled hem, various variants of a simple seam — with a flat-fell seam, couching repair — with darning. When comparing the fragments from the tomb and from the graves of the necropolis, the difference in the quality of material as well as in sewing and repair is clearly seen, that indirectly indicates a lower social status of those who were buried in the necropolis. The objects made of linen fabrics and repaired with woolen threads suggest some changes in religious beliefs of the population.

ancient Egypt, textiles, clothes, tunic, seams, decor, decorative repairs.

Original language — Russian.

DOI: 10.24412/2686-9276-2023-00007.

Referring: O. V. Orfinskaya Textile technologies of Egypt: sewing and repair [in Russian] // Egypt and neighbouring countries 2 (2023): 48–100. DOI: 10.24412/2686-9276-2023-00007.

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